Greenhouse Gas and Energy Life Cycle Assessment of Pine Chemicals Derived From Crude Tall Oil and Their Substitutes 

The American Chemistry Council (ACC)’s Pine Chemistry Panel commissioned Franklin Associates, a division of ERG, to conduct a cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment (LCA) of average U.S. and European pine chemicals. Pine chemicals are made from co-products of the kraft pulping process, such as crude tall oil (CTO). A full LCA quantifies and characterizes products’ use of energy and materials and the releases to the air, water, and land for each step from raw material extraction through production, use, and end-of-life management. For commodity chemicals such as pine chemicals, the use phase and end-of-life management depend upon the chemicals’ specific application. Therefore, LCAs on commodity materials are typically conducted as cradle-to-gate analyses that cover all steps from raw material extraction through production of the material ready for use.

American Chemistry Council

The American Chemistry Council (ACC) represents the leading companies engaged in the multibillion-dollar business of chemistry. ACC members apply the science of chemistry to make innovative products, technologies and services that make people's lives better, healthier and safer. ACC is committed to improved environmental, health, safety and security performance through Responsible Care®; common sense advocacy addressing major public policy issues; and health and environmental research and product testing. ACC members and chemistry companies are among the largest investors in research and development, and are advancing products, processes and technologies to address climate change, enhance air and water quality, and progress toward a more sustainable, circular economy.

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