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An Industry Initiative to Help Keep Pool Swimming Safe

by Judith Nordgren

Chlorine is indispensable to maintaining crystal clear, sanitized swimming pool water. However, when reports emerged that swimmers and pool staff were being accidentally exposed to chlorine gas at pools, there was a need to help stop these incidents. One incident of a chlorine gas exposure involved an equipment malfunction at a swim school in California that resulted in 19 people suffering breathing difficulties. Unfortunate exposures like these happen at the rate of at least a dozen or so per year in the US.

The problem starts when the water circulation pump and the chemical feed system do not operate in sync. If the water circulation pump stops, but the chemical feed equipment continues to add chemicals into the pipes, a chemical reaction can occur that produces gaseous chlorine. The gas then can find its way to the pool area once the circulation pump is restarted, potentially endangering swimmers and pool staff.

Preventing Unintentional Chemical Injection at Chlorine Pool

Recognizing a need to prevent these incidents, in late 2017, the American Chemistry Council’s Chlorine Chemistry Division brought together a group of swimming pool experts and stakeholders. The group included representatives of swimming pool associations, government health agencies, nonprofits, and pool chemical and equipment manufacturers. Their mission: to develop a video for pool operators demonstrating how to avoid the unintended exposure of pool patrons and staff to chlorine gas.

After nearly a year of work, the group produced a free video titled “Preventing Unintended Chemical Injection.” It details safeguards to help ensure the circulation pump and chemical feed system operate in unison, thus avoiding chlorine gas exposure. It also outlines best practices for pool staff in keeping swimmers out of the water when there is a risk of accidental exposure. The video debuted at the fall meeting of the World Aquatic Health Conference and the partnership is now promoting it widely to help put an end to accidental pool-related exposures to chlorine gas.

Through this collaboration, swimming pool operators now have a resource to help keep pools safer while chlorine chemistry continues to be used appropriately to help ensure healthy pools.

American Chemistry Council

The American Chemistry Council (ACC) represents the leading companies engaged in the multibillion-dollar business of chemistry. ACC members apply the science of chemistry to make innovative products, technologies and services that make people's lives better, healthier and safer. ACC is committed to improved environmental, health, safety and security performance through Responsible Care®; common sense advocacy addressing major public policy issues; and health and environmental research and product testing. ACC members and chemistry companies are among the largest investors in research and development, and are advancing products, processes and technologies to address climate change, enhance air and water quality, and progress toward a more sustainable, circular economy.

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