High Phthalates Panel Debunks Myths of DINP and DIDP in Plastic Food Wraps
WASHINGTON (October 27, 2021) – The American Chemistry Council’s (ACC) High Phthalates Panel issued the following statement in response to reports that fast-food items contain “phthalates” linked to health problems.
“There is a growing myth about consumer exposure to phthalates through food packaging. According to the myth, phthalates are present in consumer diets due to exposure from plastic food wraps and containers, potentially causing adverse health effects. In reality, phthalates are rarely, if ever, used in materials such as food wrappers and food packaging as has inaccurately been stated in some reporting.
“Most plastic food packaging and storage items are made with other types of plastics and do not require softening agents such as phthalates. Moreover, food packaging is reviewed for safety by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This stringent safety review is done before new materials are allowed on the market. FDA’s review of plastics for food-contact use specifically considers migration before making its safety determination.
“It is also important to understand that not all phthalates are the same. The term “phthalates” simply refers to a family of chemicals that happen to be structurally similar, but which are functionally and toxicologically distinct from each other. This distinction is critical yet often missed in news outlets that cover these complex and extensive chemical families. It is critical to take into account the significant differences among compounds that are part of a chemical family. Not making this distinction and only broadly using the term “phthalate,” misleads the public to believe all phthalates are harmful to human health.
“In reality, high-molecular weight (HMW) phthalates such as DINP and DIDP have developed a very strong safety profile during the 50 years in which they have been in use. In December 2019, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) released an updated food safety assessment of phthalates (including DINP and DIDP) used in food contact materials in the European Union. Responding to the question of whether any of these phthalates pose a safety concern, EFSA concluded “current exposure to these five phthalates from food is not a concern for public health.” As a result, DINP and DIDP continue to be permitted for use in food contact applications in the European Union.”
“Other regulatory agencies that have confirmed the safety of DINP and DIDP in food contact applications include the Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI), Food Standards Australia and New Zealand (FSANZ), the New Zealand Ministry of Primary Industries (MPI) and the UK Food Standards Agency (FSA).
“While we are encouraged by continuous research efforts into the science and health of phthalates, we are concerned about the over-interpretation of studies that have not established a causal link between HMW phthalates and human adverse health effects. These reports fail to consider all phthalates individually and consistently ignore or downplay the existence of science-based, authoritative conclusions regarding the safety of HMW phthalates as they are currently used.”